Institute for Neuro-Physiological Psychology
The INPP Method
The Reflexes in More Detail
What is Neuro-Developmental Delay?
Assessment & Treatment
Other Intervention Programmes
Dyslexia/SpLD Diagnostic Assessments
Specialist Dyslexia/Literacy Tuition
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What can be done to help?
Dyslexia Assessment & Tuition


The  Interactive Metronome Programme

Lyn has been a UK provider of the Interactive Metronome Training Programme since 2003.

The IM programme targets motor-planning, sequencing and timing skills. Difficulties in these areas have been associated with many developmental, behavioural and learning challenges. The programme has been shown to be an effective non-drug intervention for individuals with ADHD / ADD, attention and concentration symptoms.  It has also been found to be  helpful for  those with language processing issues, aggression and impulsivity control issues, motor-control, co-ordination, and sensory integration dysfunction. Research has shown that the IM programme can benefit a wide range of individuals including those with dyslexia and literacy difficulties.As well as benefiting those facing learning challenges it is also used to promote academic and athletic peak performance.

How Does IM Work?

Using hand and foot sensors in combination with various exercises, the individual attempts to match clapping/tapping responses to a computer generated metronome beat using an audio and visual guidance system to increasingly improve performance. Very significant gains in timing ability are normally achieved.The nature of the exercises/activities used during IM training are dependent upon the individuals presenting issues,personal goals and progress - the skill of the IM Provider is critical  in determining what is most appropriate in order to achieve optimal benefit from the programme.

“Attention, learning, and problem solving depend in part on the ability to plan and sequence actions and ideas. The Interactive Metronome helps individuals systematically exercise and often improve basic motor planning and sequencing capacities.”
Stanley Greenspan, MD, Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences, and Pediatrics at George Washington University Medical School, Child Psychiatrist and Chairman of IM’s Scientific Advisory Board

“The Interactive Metronome is spectacularly helpful. It is one of the most promising developments with non-medication of ADHD that's come along in a long while... This is really solid, extremely helpful non-medication (intervention) not only for ADHD but for mental function in in general.”
Edward Hallowell, MD, author of “Driven to Distraction”, and leading clinician and speaker on ADHD.

IM training  can be undertaken as a separate intervention programme  or can be incorporated into dyslexia/literacy one-to-one tuition lessons (on a twice weekly basis).

For further information see link

Sound Therapy / Auditory Re-Training Programmes

A subtle distortion in how children process what they hear often underlies speech, reading and spelling difficulties. Over-sensitivity to certain sounds may also interfere with learning and social interaction because  difficulty  screening out background noise can make it difficult for the child to concentrate.

Discussion with parents regarding the child’s developmental history along with an auditory assessment  will reveal whether distorted auditory processing may be an underlying factor in the child’s presenting issues. Children with a history of early ear infections are often at risk. (In some cases ear infections are  missed because the usual signs and symptoms were not obvious).

Depending upon the programme used a music CD will then be customised to the child’s hearing curve. The music is configured to selectively stimulate relevant frequencies thereby enhancing auditory perception.

The programmes available  are:
Johansen Individualised Auditory Stimulation  - link  
The Listening program - link

A programme of auditory intervention can be undertaken  as an individual intervention programme. It can also be undertaken alongside  dyslexia tuition or the INPP programme.