Institute for Neuro-Physiological Psychology
The INPP Method
The Reflexes in More Detail
What is Neuro-Developmental Delay?
Assessment & Treatment
Other Intervention Programmes
Dyslexia/SpLD Diagnostic Assessments
Specialist Dyslexia/Literacy Tuition
Copyright © Lyn Wells
What can be done to help?
Dyslexia Assessment & Tuition


Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best age to start the INPP Programme?
Children should ideally be over 7 years of age.

How would I know if the programme would be appropriate for my child?

Before making an appointment the screening questionnaire should be completed. Please see here. Seven or more “yes” answers gives a strong indication that the child’s issues are associated with neuro-developmental delay and an initial assessment is advised. This will take an hour and involve a number of simple tests as well as discussion regarding your child’s issues and what the INPP method entails. Following this we will have much more idea concerning the suitability of the  programme for your child and the full assessment will be offered if appropriate.  

What Causes Neuro-developmental delay?

Often we simply do not know but it seems to be more likely in certain circumstances. During the pregnancy a number of factors may make it more likely such as  severe sickness, stress, high blood pressure, alcohol or drug use.

It is also thought that certain factors relating to the birth may predispose the child to NDD. These include prolonged or very fast labour, cord prolapse, forceps or ventouse extraction and oxygen deprivation. Caesarian sections are also associated with higher likelihood of NDD, because the baby does not get the opportunity to fully develop the reflexes through using them to assist in the birth process in the normal way. However whilst a caesarian section may cause NDD it may also be the result of it. This is because the reasons for having a caesarian section are frequently due to the position of the baby prior to birth. Breech, transverse or unstable lying babies may be  a result of the babies balance mechanism being under-developed in the first place (as a result of NDD), preventing them from detecting where “down” is in relation to gravity in order to get into the normal “head down” position prior to birth.

Other factors thought to contribute to the likelihood of NDD include prematurity, being underweight, illness involving high temperatures, convulsions, adverse reactions to vaccines and severe ENT problems.
Many cases of NDD would also seem to have a strong hereditary component.

Can I do anything to help my children to develop more optimally?

Ensuring sufficient opportunity for active movement during babyhood and throughout childhood should minimise the risk or impact of NDD. Avoid pushing the child to reach developmental milestones.  Many modern day babies are limited in their opportunities for  movement through spending too much time fastened into moulded car and pushchair seats or other conveniences which severely limit their natural movements. More time spent lying freely on their backs and tummies will, increase opportunities to integrate the primitive reflexes and develop the postural reflexes. For older children encouraging active play and physical exercise and limiting the amount of time spent in front of TV’s, computers and games consoles  is advisable.

Do you formally diagnose Dyslexia?
Yes, please see here